Can you cite an actual source? It is obvious that she suffered from some form of mental instability. It’s possible Juana may have had postpartum depression (possibly even psychosis depending on how severe her symptoms were) The more children you have, the worse it gets, and Juana had 6. He not only lost land but prestige on the international playing field. Her mother did her in when she declared her unfit to rule as queen. Quite pregnant, Juana travelled with her husband's body from Burgos to Granada, where he was to be buried. I've read a bit about her, and I'm not getting a "mad" vibe, she was no Nero. Joanna of Castile, aka Juana la loca, was Queen of Castile (in central Spain) from 1504 and Aragon (ditto) from 1516.  Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. When single, Juana was considered moody, but apparently it wasn’t deemed too serious a problem, despite those being early signs of bipolarity most probably. Juana married Philip the Handsome in 1496, when she was 16. Ferdinand conceded to Philip, giving up all claims to Castile, and both men had Joanna declaed mad, and unfit to rule. Now days her supposed behavior would be Acceptable In 1509 Juana was either placed in, or retired to, the Royal Monastery/Convent of Santa Clara in Tordesillas, Castile. Despite this, Joanna insisted she was going, claiming that Castile was at war but she wasn’t. The daughter of the Catholic Monarchs (Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon) and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (King Charles I of Spain), Joanna had an unlucky life. 2, Iss. Isabella worried excessively about the weather when she left for Flanders. Joanna of Castile, aka Juana la loca, was Queen of Castile (in central Spain) from 1504 and Aragon (ditto) from 1516. Were told explicitly that displays of emotions was not acceptable so she was named mad or loca which is unfair considering that she went through a sequence of unfortunate events. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Actually, I believe she was one of the smartest. I should know, I’ve had horrible events that would’ve seemed more fit for a movie horror screen then real life and I’d be lying if I said that I was in perfect mental health, far from it. The Habsburg jaw – restriction of gene pool – Tenebrosity It was brutal. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. Joanna was misunderstood by those who witnessed her grief and the rumours her abusive husband put about have sadly also misnamed her. All of that adds up, and when she has to speak up for herself, she is not heard. Joanna was born on 6 th November 1479. Absolutely. Born in the city of Toledo, Joanna the Mad was the third child of Ferdinand II of Aragon of the Royal House of Trastámara and Isabella I of Castile.Historians describe Joanna as a fair-skinned, blue-eyed beauty with a mix of strawberry-blonde and auburn colored hair. If it was, then she was definitely mentally ill. It’s tempting to speculate on what kind of queen she would have been if she hadn’t been deposed. Joanna or Joan (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), nicknamed Joanna the Mad (Spanish: ), was the first queen regnant to reign over both the Crown of Castile (1504–55) and the Crown of Aragon (1516–55), a union which evolved into modern Spain. I think she wasn't insane , but she had the same symptomps like her maternal grandmother , mother of Isabella I. of Castile, Isabella of Braganza (1428–1496) . Ms. 35313. Surely her mental state was aggravated by the stressful environment she endured, particularly from Philip’s behaviour, his death, and her forceful confinement. Those readers were speculating that the alleged prohibition to receive visitors proved that Carlos was hiding that Juana was not really mad. He had never been a great fan of Joanna’s husband, Philip. Actually, manic episodes can, and do, present with hallucinations and paranoia. She makes some convincing arguments for verbal and mental abuse by Juana’s husband, father and to some extent her son. In her biography of the sister queens, Juana and Katherine, Julia Fox convincingly argued that rumours of Juana’s insanity were put about by her male relatives to justify their control of her and their rule of Castile government. 2:2 (2014). During this time, in response to accusations throughout the empire that she was insane, Joanna … She was already suffering with the loss of her mother and siblings, and on top of that, she had to deal with the emotional and mental abuse from both her father and husband. 1. She obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in German Languages and Literature, then a Juris Doctorate in American jurisprudence, and studied abroad in Costa Rica and France. ), Pingback: / She was known as “Joanna, the Mad” and not without good reasons. I do not believe Juana was mad. Joanna the Mad (as this Spanish queen was known) was rumored to caress the corpse of her husband Philip. For her, being Queen meant, having more children. Perhaps one of Juana’s most notorious, lurid displays of mental instability occurred when her husband died in September of 1506. As to Juana’a madness who knows. I have interest in the family line as 3 of my paternal great grandparents were Spanish line Martinez (3-5 cousins) and have ancestry to Juan Martinez de Leyva III 1342-1384. During this time, in response to accusations throughout the empire that she was insane, Joanna wrote a letter to Señor Vere denying insanity, stating that she simply had jealousy issues that she believed she had probably inherited from her mother. Joanna of Castile didn’t become known as “Juana La Loca” for her sound rule. Juana was laid to rest in Granada's La Capilla Real, the resting place of her husband and parents. She died there on 12th April 1555, Good Friday, at the age of 75. What about travelling with her husband’s corpse and embracing and kissing it in his casket? Joanna with her parents, Isabella and Ferdinand, from “Rimado de la conquista de Granada” by Pedro Marcuello, c. 1482. Dyann, an untreated bipolar disorder as Juana apparently had, when it gets severed like after her husband’s death, can have psychotic features such as paranoid delusion events, which are consistent with testimony of episodes of erratic behaviour from her that earned her her unfortunate nickname. I purchased European Royalty Family tree chart and from what I see it looks like Joanna the Mad Queen of Castile is the connection maternally to me. I have studied them extensively and I simply don’t see it. On April 12, 1555, Joanna of Castile (1479-1555), the last surviving child of Catholic monarchs Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, died at the age of 75, well past the life expectancy of the time. Sep 24, 2016 - Explore Hilde van den Bergh's board "Joan the Mad" on Pinterest. Philip was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. Note: Juana’s name is often Anglicized to Joanna or to Joan. Click here to read this article from the Journal of Humanistic Psychiatry. I personally believe the men during this time wanted control and to do that they had to get “rid of” Juana. Eventually, the King of France, stepped in to mediate. Being unwilling to be parted from a deceased loved-one is fits with any of the first four stages of grief before the last (acceptance) and could also reflect natural urge to experience control by an individual who is regularly deprived of it. She inherited the Kingdom of Aragon from her father upon his death in 1517. To judge from his credentials and the authority of the journal, the author must be extremely competent in the medical aspects of the matter, but I’m afraid the historical sections of his paper make me doubt about the biographical basis he used. Ouch! Either way, she was a passionate woman, who fell madly in love with her handsome husband and continued to caress him even after his death." She may have just been more determined and uncompromisable compared to other women at the time? There was a risk of repeating that experience with Juana playing a role, as she could name another regent, her Spanish-born son Fernando for example, to replace Carlos, who had proclaimed himself monarch alongside his mother doubtfully in order to discourage this possibility. He had many reasons to want his daughter to be seen as mad and himself as the ruler of Castile, still. June 29, 2018 at 9:55 am, Pingback: (who can blame her? The one who I think probably was mentally ill was Katharine and later on Mary. Many of your most criticized behaviors have logical explanations. If you’re subjected to enough pain that pain manifests as rage in the victim. On the other hand, merely decades before, Castile had suffered a civil war of succession. And the times were brutal. During her adolescence, Joanna was a good-looking and avid student who mastered the major Iberian peninsula (Castilian, Catalan and Galaico-Portuguese) romance languages, as well as French and Latin. Size: ± 237 x 163 mm. My mother suffered thru life upto her death in 1986,they didn’t know how to treat her as with many unfortunate souls even at that time,it was a practice then and upto the 1990s to shut them away no visitors or family,there is medicine available, but not to everyone unfortunately,,so was her family right in shutting her away , probably not, but thehats how they treated mental illness at that time. As any women would she was upset and hopping mad -craftily having Docs waiting when she hit the roof as any wife would he had her commited to a nunnery and achieved goal of getting control –poor woman as later her son did same to get her power -again going to a convent this time never came out -power manipulations for money and power ! Every time her mother fell sick, Joanna refused to eat or rest and just paced around … There is also a possibility that she suffered extreme fear, distress, lack of self esteem, self blame, guilt and stress from the behaviour and abuse she suffered from her husband. But Archbishop Cisneros assumed the regency temporarily after Philip, supported by a council of notables that were motivated by Juana’s evident incapacity, or at least by the strange behaviour and disinterest in state matters that she showed at the time. Isabella clarified that if Juana could not or did not want to reign, it would be her father who would reign for her. She remained up all night, contributing to the drama by refusing blankets or any kind of comfort. Schizophrenia is a different illness, but look up “delusional disorder”, “paranoid disorder” or “psychotic events” in relation to severe bipolar disorder. She was said to have displayed remarkable intelligence as a child.In 1496, Juana was married to the archduke Philip the Handsome, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.The death of … Unfortunately in a patriarchal society, men intentionally drove women mad, as an effort to 1) get what they want and 2) lessen the barrier in the way. Her own mother had done as well,in addition to abusing her badly physically. https://www.tudorsociety.com/madness-juana-castile/, WHAT ARE YOU WAITING FOR? In November 1504 Joanna’s mother Isabella died, and Joanna became Queen Regnant of Castile. She was married to Phillip the “handsome”, has anyone google searched this guy? Isabella had five children in total, or more precisely five surviving ones and two stillborn. So, bear in mind that when you encounter mentions elsewhere of Joanna of Castile (e.g. Hi Rozsa. She went on to have six children with her husband, including Charles, who later became the Holy Roman Emperor. By the way, when I commented on Carlos yesterday I meant it mostly as a reply to comments on Facebook without realizing that I was writing on this other platform. In 1504, Isabella became sick with a fever and Joanna went back to Castile to visit her. Heather has always loved history. If she had become dependent on him, then his loss would make her feel vulnerable, unable to function, static, catatonic even….not mad, but in need of guidance and support. My father was a very angry person. In the culture and history of Spain a woman ruler was never popular the only reason Isabel of Castile survived the men removing her from power is because they didnt like her half brother King Enrique (Henry) because he favored the various faith and did not stand for the Catholic faith of the time versus Isabel who stood by the Church and wanted to fight to gain Granada. No one visited, no one spoke to her. DeAgostini/Getty Images. I think Juana was very disturbed by the conduct of her husband, as you write in your article. Anyone that could burn people alive over religion definitely has a few screws loose. Should Isabella and Ferdinand have known better? She always wanted to be queen but did not want to rule, at least by herself. She was the couple’s third child, her sister Isabella and brother Juan (John) had been born in 1470 and 1478. Heather R. Darsie lives in the United States with her family and three parrots. So, was Juana mad? / 8. After her mother’s death, Joanna became the Queen regnant of Spain, a battle for the Castilian throne began and Joanna‟s father Ferdinand made an attempt to mint coins under his name and Joanna‟s. She raised her sixth daughter alone: ”Catalina” who became one of the greatest queens in Portugal. Valladolid – Anything But Paella She undoubtedly experienced grief when her husband died, but don’t most spouses? Ferdinand II briefly assumed the regency until he was replaced by Joanna's ambitious husband, Philip I. She had started to show signs of mental instability since 1504, when her mother suffered from a fever and later died. Didn’t that experience inform Isabella? Espi’s paper also states that Juana became Queen regnant after Philip’s death and that Ferdinand tried to “unseat” her. Her mother declared her heir to Castile. But behaving “crazily” (aka showing extreme emotions) during a period of acute stress and/or grief is not the same thing as possessing a mental disorder. It is thought that Juana may have suffered from a wide range of mental illness, including schizophrenia and depression. Probably manipulated by Ferdinand. That she might have been mentally abused by her husband and father is likely, and Ferdinand’s shenanigans in the political sphere do not portray him in a favourable light. Her husband Philip, in an attempt to become the King of Castile, also minted coins under his name and Joanna’s. Juana had started exhibiting signs of mental instability in 1504, when her mother was stricken with a fever. Leather case. History repeats itself, in many different forms and ways, we just refuse to listen to it and improve. April 6, 2018 at 11:12 am, Pingback: Today we would probably be more sensitive, but those around Joanna seem to have reacted in order to be practical and get on with what protocol dictated, rather than with any compassion towards a grieving widow. This will also allow our fans to get more involved in what content we do produce. Joanna married Philip the Handsome on October 20, 1496. I do believe her daughter Mary tutor was definitely mentally ill. However, it does seem that her behaviour escalated in response to the deaths of her siblings, her nephew, her mother and her husband. While she was still in Flanders, Joanna‟s elder brothers and sister passed away and the Cortes of Castile recognized her as the heiress of the throne. Juana's mother, the formidable Catholic monarch, Isabella I of Castile, passed away in 1504. But I think Isabella and Ferdinand prioritized political alliances over their daughter’s delicate mental constitution when they arranged her marriage to Philip, Archduke of Austria, and shipped her off to Flanders. But I see Bethany Aram’s book listed as a reference for this article. Sad. I’m using the Spanish spelling. Become a member to get ad-free access to our website and our articles. She works in the legal field, with a focus on children. Her symptoms are quite textbook and consistent with periods of lucidity. But many question today whether she was really insane. People back then were playing fast and loose with physical identifiers if this Phillip is considered good looking then Juana definitely isn’t crazy. I have actually read the original Spanish sources on Juana, and she definitely had issues, even Isabella herself recognized it, which does not mean she was completely out of her mind. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. By that time, it was already clear that Joanna’s mental state was not ideal, to say the least. ), Mentally ill for mourning your dead husband?? April 16, 2020 at 2:31 pm, my hapsburg spanish family are relater to Johanna–Mad= furious ,upset when unfaithful husband who wanted to get her power of throne and money -quite deliberatly upset her by bringing mistresses home into her own bed! But Philip’s unfaithfulness and disdain towards her must have made her condition much worse, however talented she otherwise was. At that time, a return to Flanders through France was very dangerous since Castile was at war with France. Both Philip the Handsome and Charles V had a lot to gain from Juana being declared unfit to rule. In those days, that sexuality could be seen as a mental illness in itself. Juana's grandson Carlos and great-granddaughter Maria of Austria, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, reportedly also went mad. For information about our privacy practices, please visit our privacy page. But he had less sinister reasons for keeping tight control, and Bethany Aram reports that at least her children visited her, many times, until her death. 2 (Spring 2014). I agree. Joanna with her parents, Isabella and Ferdinand, from “Rimado de la conquista de Granada” by Pedro Marcuello, c. 1482. Juan sadly died in 1497 at the age of 19 and his wife, Margaret of Austria, gave birth to a stillborn daughter two months after his death. 12 Reyes que estaban completamente locos y aun así tuvieron mucho poder – Insondable Add the jealousy, and the power of her father and son, and you have the reason for them toi vanish her to Tordesillas. Surely Carlos should have sought a better environment for his mother, but his reasons for keeping her under control are understandable. I understand Juana suffered from a BPD that ocasionally branched into delusion. In 1496, at the age of 16, Joanna married Philip The Handsome, Duke of Burgundy and moved to Flanders to live with him. Price request. Unlike Juana, her mother, Isabella, showed iron fortitude in wresting power when her older brother, Enrique, King of Castle, died. Joanna married Phillip the Handsome (he fared better with the titles, obviously) in 1496. I would not put up with an adulterous husband she was suppose to ignore his tendencies I think this is a classic case of male rules and a plot in those days the royals She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. Men thought women were basically hysterical anyway, so they just didn’t understand if they had any kind of mental illness, even a temporary condition. 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